Dodger Thoughts

Jon Weisman's outlet for dealing psychologically with the Los Angeles Dodgers, baseball and life

So you wanna build a bullpen …

Jon SooHoo/Los Angeles Dodgers

Kenley Jansen is one of 10 MLB relievers to rank in the top 50 in WAR for the past three years.  (Jon SooHoo/Los Angeles Dodgers)

By Jon Weisman

After being exposed in the 2014 National League Division Series, the Dodger bullpen has a bull’s-eye on it.

But revamping the relief corps is not only going to require some dexterity, scouting and analysis from Team Andrew Friedman, it’s also going to require a fair amount of luck.

Using Fangraphs, I pulled together lists of the top 125 relievers ranked by Wins Above Replacement from the 2012, 2013 and 2014 seasons. (To see the entire chart in an Excel file, click here, or look at the end of this post.) This cutoff point is fairly arbitrary, but it tells a story: Nearly half of the top 125 from 2013 failed to make the same list in 2014.

How rare is it to find, let alone acquire, a durable elite reliever? Only 10 relievers, including the Dodgers’ oft-underappreciated Kenley Jansen, have finished in the WAR top 50 for three consecutive years. Only one of those 10 pitchers, 37-year-old Seattle closer Fernando Rodney (last seen at Dodger Stadium blowing a 6-3, ninth-inning lead for the Rays in August 2013) has changed organizations since 2011.

How rare is it to find a reliever that’s reliably decent? Only 36 relievers, barely one per MLB team, finished in the WAR top 125 for three consecutive years.

How about just banking on a good reliever from last year? Out of the top 125 relievers in 2013, 65 (barely half) repeated in 2014. The Dodgers had two of those players in Jansen and Howell, which puts them at par for the course, though certainly not at the head of the class. Baltimore and Oakland each had five.

A late-season slump helped lower J.P. Howell's performance relative to 2013. (Jon SooHoo/Los Angeles Dodgers)

A late-season slump helped lower J.P. Howell’s performance relative to 2013. (Jon SooHoo/Los Angeles Dodgers)

A bit of the fluctuation results from relievers switching to or from the starting rotation. But there’s no escaping the level of inconsistency to be found in MLB bullpens — which makes sense, since nearly every reliever in existence would be a starting pitcher if he had a more dependable or varied arsenal.

Even though a reliever’s past credentials do count, there’s much to be said for making low-rent bets that maximize flexibility. In trading for a reliever, you risk giving away talent in exchange for a player whose quality, for the reasons outlined above, has an expiration date. Also worth noting is that 40 of this year’s top 125 haven’t changed teams since they were signed as amateurs. As Che Guevara of “Evita” said, “Get them while they’re young.”

Despite the calls for the Dodgers to improve the bullpen this past summer before the trading deadline arrived, it’s rare for quality relievers to change teams after the season begins. Only six of the top 125 relievers in 2014 were traded midseason, with three others available as free agents or on waivers.

So really, most of the work there is to be done on the Dodger bullpen — keeping in mind who’s already under contract for 2015 — has to be done before Opening Day. And it has to be done with a combination of risk-taking and restraint.

And then you hope for good luck.

Click to enlarge any of the files below.

Bullpen top 50Bullpen 51-100Bullpen 101-125


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  1. Let’s set aside for a moment these numbers and ask these questions:
    1. Did Dodger starters complete all 94 wins?
    2. Did the Dodgers become known for “torture,” as the 2010 Giants were, or for having a bunch of late-inning histrionics?
    The first question is more sarcastic, but as for the second one, I don’t think so. This suggests that while any bullpen has its problems–Jon makes this point perfectly–the Dodger bullpen wasn’t abominable.
    In his book on the 1947 season, Red Barber quotes Branch Rickey saying to his wife that he didn’t have a World Series pitching staff. At one point, Jane Rickey asked if he even had a pennant-winning pitching staff. The bullpen is not a disaster area. It needs work, of course. It always does. But even when the Dodgers in the 1960s had that great staff, Buzzie Bavasi was always trying to trade for more pitching.

    • I believe Mr Rickey also hated relief pitchers in general. Maybe he saw that using them involved too much luck.

      And maybe Tommy was right when he said World Series are won and lost in the bullpen. Of course that philosophy led him to trade Paul Kornerko for a relief pitcher. Was it Jeff Shaw?

  2. This is why I think it would be wise for Team Friedman to go with the young arms in the system, at least at first, to be the setup men behind Jansen, and Howell. I hope they can trade League and Wilson (Tigers may have interest here?). Baez, Frias, Yimi Garcia, Jose Dominquez, Paco, and Elbert I think would be as good as anyone they could get.

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